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Dear Mr. Crowley,

I am pleased to hear of your interest in Sumerian Magical History. I apologize for the delay in this reply, but I was unable to locate the requested information in our library. As such I am indebted to Professors Michel LeFevre of the Catholic University of Paris, and Christopher Higgins of Columbia. I have enclosed their contact information if you wish to correspond directly with them.

Though the hypothesis may never be decisively proven, prison records from the Sumerian city of Shuruppak indicate an insane heretic by the name of Ninazu being imprisoned and a number of supposedly magical artifacts being entered into the royal treasury of King Ubara-Tutu of Shuruppak. Records also indicate that Ninazu married and had a son, Damuzi, before going mad.

Ubara-Tutu was the last king mentioned in the Sumerian King List before “the flood swept over.” Some hypothesize that the legendary Ziudsura, believed by some to be the inspiration for the story of Noah, was a descendant of Damuzi, although this hypothesis is based solely on the assumption that Ninazu’s stronger than average connection to magical energy (see the note about The Spark, below) is a plausible explanation for Ziudsura’s phenomenal luck. Monsieur LeFevre believes that this sensitivity is what allowed “Noah” to hear the voice of Yahweh. This, however, is a question for a theologist or biblical scholar, which I am not qualified to address.

Some comment must be made of the previously mentioned sensitivity which is believed to have been held by Ninazu and Ziudsura. Modern subscribers of Ninazu’s theories, most prominently the Ninazu Izi Society (NIS), believe him to have had a natural gift, known as the Spark, which was the source of his unusual theory (they call it “insight.”) There is some debate, even within the NIS, as to whether the Spark is genetic or supernatural in nature.

Ninazu’s research was rediscovered by his descendent, Ekur of Uruk during the Sumerian Renaissance of the twentieth century BCE. Ekur saw his ancestor’s unique research as a means to Sumerian ascendancy, but history was against him and both Ninazu’s line and Sumer itself would fade into obscurity until the era of the Hittite Empire.

It is unclear how Ninazu’s artifacts survived so long without incident, or even how many of them survived at all, but it is the opinion of the NIS that both the Spark and several of the artifacts in question were in the possession of a Luwian mage known in Greek records as Hyntasis. Hyntasis was an associate of the secessionist king Primua of Wilusa (better known as Priam of Troy) and many believe that Ninazu’s artifacts played a great role in Priam’s defeat of the Hittite Emperor Muwatalli II.

Again, however, the fortunes of Ninazu’s artifacts would prove short lived. As you probably know, Troy fell to the Greeks during what Prof. LeFevre drolly calls, “The Horse Incident.” The Artifacts of Ninazu were among the many treasures looted by the Greeks. While the chain of ownership is unclear according to the current archaeological record, it is believed that the so-called Gordian Sword wielded by Alexander of Macedonia was one of the artifacts brought back to Greece after the fall of Troy.

Though separated from most of the artifacts, Hyntasis did not die in Troy but accompanied Aeneas from Troy to Carthage (Qart-Hadasht) and finally to Italy where his son, Tivasis was present when Aeneas’s son, Ascanius, founded the city of Alba Longa. Tivasis then moved on to Atlantis. It is also speculated that the semi-mythical MacDiobhais clan of Ireland are of Tivasis’s lineage, having conquered Britain alongside Brutus.

It is here that Tivasis’s line seems to disappear into historical oblivion. Though he is known to have fathered several children, no direct records of them or their progeny survive, and if any later generations are recorded there is no known link between any of them, apart from the MacDiobhais clan, and Tivasis. Even the MacDiobhais clan has faded into obscurity, with no one in Britain or Ireland openly using the name.

This is the extent of what I have been able to find in the short amount of time I have been allotted for research. If you have any more questions, please feel free to contact me, Prof. LeFevre, or Dr. Higgins at the addresses enclosed. Also do please pass on my gratitude to your sister for her generous donation to our department.

As for your other inquiry, concerning the continued existence of true magic in the modern era, the evidence does exist, though it is sparse. While much of the energy in the world was released when the Gordian Knot was cut, some still lingers. Most of it exists in the form of supernatural beings: vampires, dybbukim, were-creatures, etc. A few cases of humans developing limited magical abilities, what you English might call, “super powers,” have been reported. There are also an extremely small number, approximately two dozen in the entire world, full-fledged mages still around.

Nolan Banks, PHD
Department of Archaeology
Oxford University


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