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Lecture by Dr. Gunther Schwinghammer, Professor of Archaeology, University of Leipzig
Transcribed and translated by Alain Lefevre, senior fellow at the Paris Institute for Crypto-Archaeology

The legendary lost continent of Atlantis has captured the imagination since the time of Plato. According to Plato, the landmass laid beyond the Strait of Gibraltar but was swallowed by the sea some 9300 years before his lifetime. The dimensions given to Plato ultimately came from an Egyptian source, which some scientists believe were mistranslated and actually refer to the island of Santorini, which was obliterated by an earthquake so powerful some say it explains the parting of the Red Sea.

Plato puts the destruction of the continent around 9600BC. Santorini exploded in either 1600BC or 1500BC, depending on whether one chooses to believe archaeology or history. Newly discovered evidence casts doubt on both dates, indicating that Atlantis was still above water after the fall of Troy in 1184BC. One current hypothesis is that Atlantis was destroyed in 333BC when Alexander of Macedonia loosened the fabled Gordian Knot, unleashing a torrent of magical energy which eventually came down in the heart of Atlantis, annihilating the continent. This theory is in conflict with the historical dating of Plato’s Critias in 360BC in which the Atlantean Catastrophe is referenced in the past tense.

But what do we know about Atlantean society? Unfortunately our sole source of information is a series of journals kept by an Latin colonist by the name of Tivasis. The journals, written in Greek, provide a brief description of Atlantean city life as well as a sketch of the language, from which we can safely determine is not an Indo-European tongue. I shall cover the language in a future lecture.

The physical dimensions of Atlantis have been determined by decipherment of primary sources, using Tivasis’s transliteration scheme to decipher the Atlantean alphabet. As far as we can tell the landmass was roughly the size of Australia and the shape of Greenland. Its location is a bit less certain, though Tivasis indicates that he was able to reach the southern half of the continent by heading directly west of the Iberian Peninsula, and that Hibernia (Ireland) was a day’s journey north-east, indicating that the continent was much closer to Europe than North America.

The continent was separated into five regions, the southern plains, the western “stone lands,” the eastern forest, the southeastern desert, and the northern plains. There was also a large mountain range in the center of the continent which separated the stone lands from the forests.

Though the five regions corresponded to a great degree to geographical features, the divisions were ultimately political. The indigenous Atlanteans resided in the forests, with Latins settling in the southern plains, Phoenicians in the desert, and Celts in the northern plains.

Indigenous Atlantean culture was matriarchal, agricultural, and surprisingly liberal for the time, featuring a minimal government which seemed to exist only for defense qnd arbitration of disputes. Both of the forest kingdoms was ruled by a revan, which Tivasis translated as “Tyrant” (Remember that Tyrant in the original Greek did not have the connotation of cruelty it does in English) though “judge” might be more accurate. The revan was advised by three zilak, who served both as advisers and as a check on the revan‘s power. While the revan was for the most part an absolute monarch, she could be overruled by a unanimous decree by the three zilak. If even one zilak agreed with the revan, the revan’s decision stood. Unlike European monarchies, succession was not hereditary; the revan was free to choose whomever she pleased as her successor, though this decision was also subject to zilak veto.

The stone lands stood in contrast to the rest of the continent in that the region consisted entirely of autonomous city-states, with no central government to speak of. City governments ranged from direct democracy to absolute tyrrany.

Tivasis spent a great deal of his time among the indigenous population in the forest nations of Kiyatso and Parpòyo, helping the Kiyatsic general, Adlan, (from whose name the Greek “Atlantis” is derived) fend off an invasion from the Phoenician general Abimolokh.

Another notable feature of Atlantean society was their numerical system. As Tivasis described it, “When counting, the Atlanteans seem so have no concept of eight or nine, skipping directly from seven to ten. The number they have named forty is, in actuality, thirty-two.” This indicates the use of a base eight numbering system, which is reflected in their monetary system: 64 copper edlarkan equal 8 silver larkan equal 1 gold dolarkan.

New week we shall cover the indigenous Atlantean lanuage.


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